Los Angeles, USA, 1943


For over half a century, the American artist James Turrell has worked directly with light and space to create artworks that engage the viewer with the limits and wonder of human perception. Turrell, an avid pilot who has logged over twelve thousand hours flying, considers the sky as his studio, material and canvas. New Yorker critic Calvin Tompkins writes, “His work is not about light, or a record of light; it is light — the physical presence of light made manifest in sensory form.”

Informed by his training in perceptual psychology and a childhood fascination with light, Turrell began experimenting with light as a medium in southern California in the mid-1960’s. The Pasadena Art Museum mounted a one-man show of his Projection Pieces, created with high-intensity projectors and precisely modified spaces, in 1967. Mendota Stoppages, a series of light works created and exhibited in his Santa Monica studio, paired Projection Pieces with structural cuts in the building, creating apertures open to the light outside. These investigations aligned and mixed interior and exterior to lay the groundwork for the open sky spaces found in his later Skyspace, Tunnel and Crater artworks.

Turrell’s work has been shown in many of the world’s most eminent museums and galleries, including most recently in major retrospectives at The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, L.A.; and the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Garage Center for Contemporary Culture, Moscow; Gagosian Gallery, London; and Pace Gallery, New York. The artist participated in the 54th Venice Biennale, 2011, and is the recipient of many awards such as the Smithsonian Archives of American Art Award 2013 and is a member of the American, National, and Belgium Academies of Arts and Letters. His work is included in the permanent collections of prominent museums the world over.



Smithsonian Archives of American Art, 2013
American Academy of Arts and Letters, 2011
National Academy of Arts and Letters, 2011
Belgium Academy of Arts and Letters, 2011
Award of Excellence in Public Art from the City of Claremont, CA for the Pomona Skyspace, 2008.
Marsh Award for Public Sculpture, Public Monuments and Sculpture Association, London, England, 2007.

Selected Solo Exhibitions

James Turrell, Sainsbury Center of Visual Arts, Norwich, UK
James Turrell, Houghton Hall, Norfolk, UK
New Skyspace, Museum of New and Old Tasmania, Tasmania, Australia.
Retrospective Show, National Gallery of Australia, Australia.

Sprengel Museum, Hannover, Germany, January 2014.
¨Double Stuck¨. Gallery OMR in collaboration with Häusler Contemporary, Mexico City, Mexico, February, 2014.
Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel “James Turrell: A Retrospective,” June 1 to October 19, 2014.
National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia, “James Turrell: A Retrospective,” December 2014 to April 2015.

The Pace Gallery, New York, New York, “James Turrell,” March 15 to April 20, 2013.
Art Academy Museum, Easton, Maryland, “”April 20
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California, “James Turrell: A Retrospective,” May 23, 2013 to April 6, 2014.
Kayne Griffin Corcoran Gallery, Santa Monica, California, “James Turrell,” May 23 to July 20, 2013
Galerie Almine Rech, Paris, France, “James Turrell,” June 1 to July 27, 2013.
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas, “James Turrell: The Light Inside,” June 9 to September 22, 2013.
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, New York, “James Turrell,” June 21 to September 25, 2013.
ReMap 4, Athens, Greece, “James Turrell: Knowing Light,” September 19 to September 30, 2013.
Spencer Museum of Art, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, “ James Turrell: Gard Blue,” September 14, 2013 to May 18, 2014.

Pacific Standard Time Performance Festival, Bridges Auditorium, Pomona College, Claremont, CA, “Burning Bridges (restaged),” January 21, 2012.
Hiram Butler Gallery, Houston, Texas, “James Turrell: Six Holograms,” July 7 to August 11, 2012.
Colorado Springs Fine Art Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado, “James Turrell: Trace Elements: Light into Space,” July 14 to September 30, 2012.
Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, “James Turrell, Air Apparent,” October 17, 2012.
Hacienda Ochil, Ochil, Yucatan, Mexico, “James Turrell,” November 14, 2012.
Cenote Santa Maria, Tixcacaltuyub, Yucatan, Mexico, “James Turrell, Agua de Luz,” November 15, 2012.

Kulturhuset, Järna, Sweden , See! Colour! “James Turrell: The Light Inside,” May 15 to October 2, 2011.
Garage Center for Contemporary Culture, Moscow, Russia, “James Turrell,” June 11 to August 21, 2011.
Kayne Griffin Corcoran Gallery, Santa Monica, California, “James Turrell: Present Tense,” September 15 to December 17, 2011.
Häusler Contemporary, Zürich, Switzerland, “James Turrell: Licht, Körper,” November 17, 2011 to February 25, 2012.

Almine Rech Gallery, Brussels, Belgium, “James Turrell,” September 10 to December 21, 2010.
Gagosian Gallery, London, England, “James Turrell,” October 12 to December 4, 2010.

Kulturbetriebe Unna, Center for International Light Art, Unna, Germany, “James Turrell, The Geometry of Light”, February 2 to May 31, 2009.
PaceWildenstein Gallery, New York, New York, “James Turrell: Large Holograms”, September 10 to October 17, 2009.
Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Germany, “James Turrell: The Wolfsburg Project”, October 24, 2009 to April 5, 2010 (Extended to October 3, 2010).
Häusler Contemporary, Munich, Germany, “James Turrell: The Roden Crater, Sculpture and Photographs,” January 29 to March 28, 2009.
Griffen Contemporary, Santa Monica, California, “James Turrell: Autonomous Structures,” July 25 to August 29, 2009.

Baldwin Gallery, Aspen, Colorado, “Light Works 2002-2007,” February 15 to March 9, 2008.
Fondo L’Ambiente Italiano (FAI), at Villa Panza, “James Turrell, Arte Oltre la Luce”, May 16 to August 17, 2008.
The High Line, New York, New York, “40th Anniversary of Calvin Klein”, September 7, 2008.
Oroom Gallery, Seoul Total Art Museum, Seoul, and Museé Shium, Seoul, “James Turrell”, October 9 to December 19, 2008.
Unna, Germany, “James Turrell, The Roden Crater,” November 27, 2008 to January 31, 2009

Häusler Contemporary, Zurich, Switzerland, “James Turrell, The Tall Glass,” March 3 to August 3, 2007.
Pace Wildenstein, New York, New York, “James Turrell: Light Leadings,” March 23 to April 28, 2007.
Albion Gallery, London, England, “James Turrell, Orca Blue,” June 5 to July 20, 2007.
Pomona College Museum of Art, Claremont, California, “James Turrell at Pomona College,” September 4, 2007 to May 17, 2008.
IUAV (Universitá Iuav de Venezia), Gino Valle Gallery, Venice, Italy, “Geometries of Light: The Roden Crater Project by James Turrell”, October 1 to November 9, 2007.
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, “James Turrell, Gap,” January 5, 2007 to October 23, 2008.

Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, “James Turrell: Alta White,” March 8 to September 25, 2006.
Griffin Contemporary, Santa Monica, CA, “James Turrell: New Work,” May 20 to August 26, 2006.
Louis T. Blouin Foundation, London, United Kingdom, “James Turrell: A Life in Light,” October 13, 2006 to May 27, 2007.
Musée de Grenoble, Grenoble, France, “James Turrell,” November 10 to December 12, 2006.

Alan Koppel Gallery, Chicago, Illinois, “James Turrell: Transformative Space,” March 25 to May 6, 2005.
PaceWildenstein Gallery, New York, New York, “James Turrell: Light Projections 1968 and Light Works 2005,” July 14 to September 10, 2005.
Tokyo Publishing House, “James Turrell, Projection Work,” September 5 to 22, 2005.
Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield, England, “James Turrell: Light Installations,” November 5, 2005 to May 14, 2006.

Griffin Contemporary, Santa Monica, CA, “James Turrell: Autonomous Structures,” January 17 to March 13, 2004.
Gallery 400, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, James Turrell: In Light,” September 7 to October 30, 2004.
Galerie Almine Rech, Paris, France, “James Turrell,” September 14 to November 6, 2004.
Albion, London, England, “James Turrell: Projection Works 1967-69,” October 14 to December 17, 2004.
Galerie Almine Rech, Paris, France, “James Turrell,” November 13 to December 15, 2004.
Griffin Contemporary, Santa Monica, CA, “James Turrell: Early Light Works,” November 13, 2004 to February 12, 2005.
IVAM, Valencia, Spain, “James Turrell,” December 14, 2004 to February 27, 2005.